The Holy Monastery of Esphigmenou was founded before the 11th century and rest on the northwestern coast of the peninsula of the Holy Mountain. The monastery celebrates the feast of the Ascension of the Lord.
Emmanuel Pappas, in 1821, during the Greek Revolution, landed at the H.M. of Esphigmenou. It was Esphigmenou that bore the greatest burden of the Revolution of 1821.
In the treasury of the monastery there is a segment, embroidered with gold, of the cloth from the tent of Napoleon.
In the library of the monastery there exists a palimpsest Gospel, which is dated to the 6th century due to the ancient script.
The ancient Skete of Samaria belonged to the Monastery of Esphigmenou.